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balinetwok internet travel
  This site is aimed to support "Bali Province Government's" program of promoting Bali as a major tourist attraction. Hopefully, this site can give a better information to understanding about Bali.  
 

flora and fauna

 

Bali, is located in archipelago of great natural diversity. About 17 percent of the world's total bird species are living within the island of Indonesia. jalak bali birdsThirty seven percent of the world's known fish are found here, that's 7000. Not to mention butterflies : the Indonesian archipelago rank first, for amphibian animals, it ranks fifth and seventh for flowering plants. Bali is situated in the Asian zone of Indonesia, characterized by big carnivore mammals, suchas Tiger or smaller ones suchas Black panther or the Leopard. These latter two are still found in Bali, although they are threatened with extinction. There are also big herbivores suchas the deer and the wild buffalo. Bali's cattle consist of the tamed wild-ox, the Banteng (Bos Sondaicus), the wild version of which can still be found in the National Park.

One species of birds particularly endangered is the Bali Starling, of which less than fifty surviving in their natural habitat. But the island has already experienced several cases of fauna extinction. The most famous one, perhaps, is that the Bali Tiger (Panthera tigris balica), the most dangerous carnivore that lived in paradise. The last one was shot in 1937.

Some areas of the island are still occupied by rain forest, although much of the latter has disappeared in the last century. Wild orchids, Ferns, moss and other plants requiring a high humidity are found in the mountain areas of the island. The tenperate weather of the mountain also give chances to the pines.

Wood plants like teakwood grow in gorges. Gorges, which are very numerous in Bali owing to ash structure of the soil, are favourite places for tropical trees such as Banyan tree (ficus elastica), or Pule tree (alstonia scholarish), two of the sacred trees of Bali. The latter is used in particular for the making of the sacred mask. Other trees, such as the Pangge Baya or the Ebony are getting rare as they are the favored material for woodcarving.

Along the rivers also grow bamboo, it's a multipurpose material : One makes pipes, rope, baskets and even food from bamboo. Riversides have also a rich bird life. One finds Kepodang (Oriole), Kipasan (Fantail), Kutilang (Pynocnotus) ; some are really good singers, ow and then joining the great choir of crickets.

The shore of Bali shores are abundant in animal and floral species. The mangrove forest contain all sorts of big and small crabs, shrimps and fishes. The coral reefs contain colorful fish which were for long exported abroad. These fish, as cral itself, are now disappearing, as has the giant turtle, which used to come by the thousands onto Balinese shores. It is now prohibited to sell and export its shell. On both straits that flank the island, though, there still remains many dolphins. Is it because Man recognizes himself in this animal ?

 
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